Federal Facility Agreement For The Oak Ridge Reservation

Posted: December 8, 2020 in Uncategorized

Scarboro Community Health Investigation. In November 1997, a Nashville newspaper published an article on diseases among children living near the ORR nuclear weapons plant in eastern Tentesse. The article described a high rate of respiratory disease among residents of the neighbouring municipality of Scarboro; he spoke of 16 children who had repeated episodes of “severe ear, nose, neck, stomach and respiratory diseases.” Among these respiratory diseases were asthma, bronchitis, sinusitis, allergic rhinitis, and media otitis. The article implied that exposure to ORR was the cause of these diseases, particularly given the proximity of these children`s residences to ORR institutions. In response to this article, Commissioner TDOH asked the CDC to work with the department to review the situation in Scarboro. The Scarboro Community Health Investigation, which included a community health examination and medical follow-up for children under the age of 18, was coordinated by TDOH to investigate excess respiratory diseases in children in the Scarboro community. The main purpose of this study, both in the survey and in the study components, was to measure rates of frequent respiratory disease among children living in Scarboro, to compare these rates with national rates, and to determine whether these conditions were unusual. The investigation was not designed to find the cause of the disease. Figure 4 shows the organizational structure of ORRHES and Figure 5 graphically shows how the public can be integrated into the ATSDR public health assessment process. For more information on ORRHES, please visit the ORRHES website at www.atsdr.cdc.gov/HAC/oakridge/index.html. The Y-12 site is located approximately 3 km south of downtown Oak Ridge. It is separated from the main residential areas of Oak Ridge by Pine Ridge, a ridge that rises up to about 100 meters above the valley floor. In 1942, the city of Oak Ridge was founded to accommodate the 13,000 people who were to work at the ORR.

The population peaked at 75,000 in 1945 and fell to 30,229 in 1950. Since 1959, when the town of Oak Ridge was self-administered, the population of Oak Ridge has about 27,000 inhabitants. The Municipality of Scarboro is a residential area of the City of Oak Ridge, approximately 1 km from site Y-12 and separated from the Y-12 facility by Pine Ridge. Scarboro was founded in 1950 to provide African-American Oak Ridge residents with detached houses, duplexes, apartments and an elementary school. Scarboro is still predominantly African-American and has about 300 inhabitants. Contaminants such as uranium and mercury are present in old landfills, which take between 5 and 10% of the ORR. Heavy rainfall (an annual average of 55 inches) and flood tables (e.g. B 0 to 20 feet below the surface) on the reserve contribute to the leaching of these impurities, resulting in contaminated soil, surface water, sediment and groundwater (EUWG 1998). This public health assessment assesses uranium releases from the Y-12 facility; assesses current and previous exposure to uranium to residents living near the ORR, including residents of the Scarboro community (the reference commune); Address the Community`s health concerns and issues related to the release of uranium from the Y-12 facility; and takes into account, where possible, health outcome data that measure the health effects of uranium exposure or characterize the health status of a group of exposed individuals.

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