In A Collective Bargaining Agreement A Gives Workers A Voice

Posted: December 10, 2020 in Uncategorized

Sectoral agreements play an important role in more centralised and uncoordinated countries, such as France, Iceland, Italy, Portugal and Slovenia, with enlargements widely used and smaller agreements being limited to distinguish themselves from broader agreements. In addition, coordination is generally low in these countries. Question: What are the themes that can be covered by collective bargaining? If management wishes to provide information on workers` representatives, these representatives should receive the necessary funds to communicate this information quickly and fully to the workers concerned. ← 47. Ideally, the analysis of the effects of different forms of workers` voices should take into account these differences in the rights granted to representative institutions, in order to arrive at differentiated and accurate assessments. Unfortunately, comparative data with this degree of accuracy are largely absent. More effort is needed to collect data on this dimension. As with trade union density, the decline was greatest in Central and Eastern European countries, where the collapse of the old regimes led to sharp changes in the role of trade unions and collective bargaining. Very significant declines were also observed in Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, where major reforms took place in the 1980s. Coverage has been relatively stable in most continental European countries, with the exception of Germany, and coverage has also declined recently in Greece.

The decline in wage-setting in Portugal during the crisis years is the subject of methodological controversies, which are discussed in Box 2.3. 67. In 2012, 48 per cent of non-executive workers surveyed by the AFL-CIO Worker Survey (May 2012 Hart Research Associates survey) said they would “probably” or “definitely” vote for the formation of a union if the elections were held tomorrow. In the OECD average, the collective agreement is, on average, slightly higher in the manufacturing sectors (manufacturing, construction and electricity) than in business services or other sectors (Chart 2.12). However, the size of the company plays a role: 26% of workers in small businesses are affected by collective agreements, while 34% are employed in large companies. In small businesses, the likelihood of them being covered by a collective agreement is much lower, as there is no agreement on several employers at the sectoral or national level, as small businesses are much less likely to negotiate and sign an agreement at the enterprise level. In Chile, Estonia or Turkey, unlike in northern European and continental Europe, collective agreements cover a negligible proportion of small businesses. The proliferation of atypical forms of employment, such as part-time contracts, fixed-term contracts or employment by temporary employment agencies, is another potential driver of the decline in density (Ebbinghaus, Gobel and Koos, 2011[24]; Fitzenberger, Kohn and Wang, 2011.

In all OECD countries, non-standard workers have a lower unionization rate than normal countries (see Chart 5.1 in Chapter 5).

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