Targets Under Paris Agreement

Posted: December 18, 2020 in Uncategorized

The Paris Agreement has an “upward” structure unlike most international environmental treaties, which are “top down”, characterized by internationally defined standards and objectives that states must implement. [32] Unlike its predecessor, the Kyoto Protocol, which sets legal commitment targets, the Paris Agreement, which focuses on consensual training, allows for voluntary and national objectives. [33] Specific climate targets are therefore politically promoted and not legally binding. Only the processes governing reporting and revision of these objectives are imposed by international law. This structure is particularly noteworthy for the United States – in the absence of legal mitigation or funding objectives, the agreement is seen as an “executive agreement, not a treaty.” Since the 1992 UNFCCC treaty was approved by the Senate, this new agreement does not require further legislation from Congress for it to enter into force. [33] The Paris Agreement is an environmental agreement that was adopted in 2015 by almost all nations to address climate change and its negative consequences. The agreement aims to significantly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in order to limit global temperature increase to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels this century, while continuing to pursue ways to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees. The agreement provides for the commitment of all major emitters to reduce their pollution from climate change and to strengthen these commitments over time. It provides developed countries with a means to assist developing countries in their mitigation and adaptation efforts and establishes a framework for monitoring, reporting and strengthening countries` individual and collective climate goals. As part of the Paris agreement, India pledged to create a cumulative carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2030.

India`s forests and trees currently account for about 24% of its geographic area, according to India`s 2017 Forest Report, and India has repeatedly stressed that it wants to put at least 33% of its area under green cover. India`s national forest policy project 2018 also states that, to achieve the national ecological safety target, the country should have at least one third of the total area of forests and trees. An unconditional reduction in emissions of 5% by 2030 compared to current business levels, with intermediate targets of 3% by 2020 and 5% by 2025. A conditional target, subject to international financial support, of 7% by 2020, 15% by 2025 and 21% by 2030 compared to usual conditions. Contains the adaptation section and provides information on potential obstacles.

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