General Agreement Among The Citizenry On An Issue Is Called

Posted: April 9, 2021 in Uncategorized

Inglehart, Ronald. The Silent Revolution: Changing Values and Political Styles among Western Publics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource: The school is one of the first environments where children are in contact with other people who are not parents, siblings or other family members. Children are not only mobilized by their peers, they discuss social policy issues together, share popular culture and develop values (common or opposite) (Langton 1967); Tedin 1980). Peer groups also introduce social norms; In addition, participation in a social network creates useful democratic and economic principles such as the exchange of goods, services and information (Cochran and Brassard, 1979). Figure 1 illustrates the interaction between periodic effects and cohort effects, By recording annual averages of attitudes against inter-national marriage for four different birth cohorts in the United States between 1972 and 2004.2 While same-sex marriage may have replaced interracial marriage as a prominent political theme, the example illustrates the idea of generational change by focusing on a concrete political attitude. Figure 1 allows us to examine whether birth cohorts differ in their racial attitude. The oldest cohort – born before 1930 – was still socialized in a racially divided country, considering that the cohort, born after 1970, grew up after the turbulent periods of the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s, when racial discrimination was legally abolished3. As Jennings said, each group in a different way. When we think about the mechanisms of political socialization, we should make an analogy to describe the idea of socialization as relatively stable political preferences. Imagine that we all have a finite library, which contains our political values, identities and behaviours, which is empty when we are born. In our childhood and youth, these shelves slowly fill with stories that we receive from the different actors of socialization and our own experience. We learn about politics and are exposed to (biased) information about political ideas.

Every experience, every conversation and every piece of information is stored in our mental libraries. But at some point, there is no more room on the shelves, and we are starting to have pretty concrete ideas about politics and our own opinions. When we are asked what we think of political issues or how we should behave politically, we go to our mental shelves and we take out books that contain information and experiences on this subject. But the problem is that with the filling of the shelf, it becomes more and more difficult to consider new information, because this implies that old books must be ignored. New books might pile up somewhere on the ground, but they won`t be stored as considerations in our set of beliefs and values. This idea of predispositions, fundamental in a person`s belief system and stemming from socialization processes, dates back to the work of John Zaller (1992). The resulting cohort effects or, as they are sometimes called, the production effects are defined as “permanent intercohorte differences” due to the common expression of the cohort members.

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